Question

Is wearing taweez (amulet) shirk

Is wearing taweez (amulet) shirk

[Q13]

Is wearing a taweez shirk or not?

Statement by salafi Wahhabi Shaykh Omar Bakri Mohammed; Bilal Philips, ibn baz and Albani.

“ Whosoever wears the Hijab or so-called taweez that includes pictures, numbers, signs, characters or strange wording that has no meaning, or  even writes some Qur’anic words on a piece of paper and puts it around the neck. All these are means and forms of shirk.”

[A13]  

Now let’s look at the evidence from hadith Quran and respectable scholars

Allah says:

"And we reveal of the Qur'an what is a healing and a mercy for the believers, and the wrong-doers are not increased except in loss" (17:82)

It has been said that he who does not seek cure through the Qur'an, Allah does not cure him.

The scholars interpret that verse in two ways however:

The first is that cure is for the hearts, by the removal of ignorance and doubt which hinder the understanding of miracles and matters pointing to Allah Almighty;

The second, that cure is for outward diseases, through the use of healing verses [ruqya] and seeking refuge

Qurtubi then lists instructions for making a kind of ruqya called nushra: various verses are recited over a clean container which is then filled with water; the water is then used for wudu' by someone who already has a valid wudu', and who also soaks his Head and limbs with it but does not use it for ghusl or istinja'; it may be drunk; he then prays two rak’as at the conclusion of which he asks for healing, and so for three days. Qurtubi cites Ibn `Abd al-Barr's statement whereby the Prophet's condemnation of nushra concerns whatever contradicts the Qur'an and Sunna, not what conforms to it.

Qurtubi continues:

"The Prophet said: Cure for my Community is in but three verses of Allah's Book, a mouthful of honey, or cupping. He also said: Ruqya is allowed as long as there is no idolatry [shirk]; and if you can help your brother, help him.
Malik ibn Anas said: To hang writings of Allah's Names upon oneself is permitted for healing and blessing but not for protection against the evil eye [see Abu Hayyan, Tafsir al bahr al-muhit 6:74]. `Abd Allah ibn `Amr used to hang a protective
invocation taught by the Prophet around the necks of his young children. (Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi - hasan)

`A'isha said:

"Whatever is worn after the descent of calamity is not an amulet (laysa min al-tama'im)."... As for seeking cure (istishfa') with the Qur'an whether worn on oneself or not then it is no shirk at all: the

Prophet said:

"Whoever hangs something (upon oneself), he is left to it for protection." Therefore who hangs Qur'an is certainly taken under Allah's protection, and He will not leave him to other than Him. Wearing a ruqya is accepted by: Ibn al-Musayyib, ad-Dahhak, Ja’far as-Sadiq, and Ibn Sirin."

We ask,

 "How did he miss the explanation of Imaam Nawawi in his in al-Majmu' sharh al-muhadhdhab?”.

One may adduce as evidence for their permissibility [amulets (ta'wiz) containing protective or healing words (ruqya, hijab)]

The hadith of `Amr ibn Shu’ayb, from his father, from his grandfather [`Amr ibn al-`As], that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) used to teach them for fearful situations the words:

“a’udhu bi kalimatillah al-tammat min ghadabihi wa sharri
`ibadihi wa min hamazat al-shayatina wa an yahdurun’’

{I seek refuge in Allah's perfect words from His wrath, from the evil
of His servants, from the whispered insinuations of devils, and lest they come to me}.

 `Abd Allah ibn `Amr [in Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud: Abd Allah ibn `Umar] used to teach these words to those of his sons who had reached the age of reason, and used to write them and hang them upon those who had not.

The hadith is related in Abu Dawud, Nawawi included it in his Adhkar…. (#264).
Awf ibn Malik said: We would use ruqya in Jahiliyya, so we said: "O Messenger of Allah, what do you say about this?" He replied:

"Show me your protective words (a’ridu `alayya ruqakum), there is no harm in ruqya as long as it contains no shirk."
[Muslim and Abu Dawud]

Among the Companions it is established that `Abd Allah ibn `Amr used to make his small children wear ta’wiz and he certainly would not have done it if it consisted in shirk or led to it. This is confirmed by the Tabi’in who accepted the unconditional
wearing of ta’wiz by both adults and children such as Sa’id ibn al-Musayyib, al-Dahhak, Ja’far al-Sadiq, and Ibn Sirin, and among those of later times Malik ibn Anas, as related by Qurtubi. Neither the latter nor Imam Nawawi objected to it, nor did the narrators of `Abd Allah ibn `Amr's report such as Tirmidhi, Nasa'i, Ahmad, and Abu Dawud.

Yahya related to me from Malik that Humayd ibn Qays alMakki (Allah be well pleased with him) said,

"A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with the two sons of Ja’far ibn Abi Talib. He said to their nursemaid,

'Why do I see them so thin?' Their nursemaid said, 'Messenger of Allah, the evil eye goes quickly to them. Nothing stops us from asking someone to make talismans (using ayats of Qur'an) for them, except that we do not know what of that would agree with you.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Make talismans for them. Had anything been able to precede the decree, the evil eye would precede it.' (Muwata – Imam Malik)

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Sulayman ibn Yasar that Urwa ibn azZubayr (Allah be well pleased with him) told him that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) entered the house of Umm Salama,
the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. There was a child weeping in the house, and they told him that it was from the evil eye. Urwa said,

"The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Why do you not find someone to make a talisman to protect it from the evil eye?' "
(Muwata – Imam Malik)

When Egypt was conquered by the Muslims, there was a custom to throw a girl in the Nile River on the 11th night of one of the non-Arabic months in order that the Nile would continue to flow. It was believed that without throwing a girl into it, the Nile
would not flow. Amr Ibn al-As wrote to the Caliph 'Umar concerning this custom. 'Umar sent a message to the Nile saying:  "If you were flowing before by your own power, we do not want you to run; and if Allah is the one who makes you flow, we ask the Almighty to make you flow." Amr Ibn al-As threw the letter of 'Umar into the Nile one day before the Christian commemoration of the crucifixion. The following morning they woke up to find the river flowing stronger and had gone up 48 feet in one night.  (Ibn Hajar, in Al-Sawa'iq). A large Taweez, written with black ink on cloth, is on display in the Museum attached to the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore. It is written by non other than Ameer al-Momineen Sayyadina Ali (may Allah be pleased with him).

The great Hanafi Jurist, Ibn Abidin states:

“Using of Ta’wizes will be impermissible if they are written in a non-Arabic language in that its meaning is not known. They may consist of black magic, disbelief or impermissible invocations. However, if they consist of Qur’anic verses or prescribed supplications (duas), then there is nothing wrong with using them (Radd al-Muhtar).

Imam Ibn Taymiyya (Allah have mercy on him) writes in his Fatawa:

“It is permissible for an ill or troubled person, that certain verses from the Qur’an are written with pure ink, then it is washed and given to the ill to drink. Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) is reported to have mentioned a certain Dua that should be
written and placed close to the woman who is experiencing hard labour at the time of giving birth.

Conclusion

We should be careful of a new breed of scholars who are raising their voices nowadays in blatant disregard of conclusions which the respected authorities of the Umma have already established in their books. They instead learn Arabic read hadiths Quran and start giving fatwas from there own understanding then start calling the old scholars of doing shirk bida, here’s a few hadith about these new scholars When the last ones of the Ummah begin to curse the first ones (at-Tirmidhi),

The disappearance of knowledge and the appearance of ignorance (Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Majah, & Ahmad) People will claim to follow the Qur'an but will reject Hadith & Sunnah (Abu Dawood)

We should learn from Ahl al-Dhikr which stands for the People of Knowledge and Remembrance in Islam (ahle sunnat jamat shaykhs) not from people of innovation whose credentials are unknown besides a few books in English with glossy covers,(wahhabis-salafis deobandis ahle hadith tabligh jamat and other sects) so beware Imam Sadiq (as) said: "Be careful of your knowledge and see from whom you get it." So protect your iman and learn from the old books and scholars and not these new so called scholars.


Shaykh Gibril Fouad Haddad has emerged as one of the clearest voices of traditional Islam in the West and is quickly earning a reputation as a respected translator and interpreter of the sacred Islamic texts.

Born in 1960 in to a middle-class Lebanese Catholic family in Beirut, Lebanon, he declared his shahada in 1991 as a graduate student at Columbia University in New York. The same year, he met his teacher, Mawlana Shaykh Nazim al-Haqqani of Cyprus, from whom he took the Naqshbandi tariqa. In 1997 he moved to Damascus where he has since been residing with his family.

Among the teachers he was honored to read with are Dr. Nur al-Din `Itr, Shaykh Adib Kallas, Shaykh Wahbi al-Ghawji, Shaykh Muhammad al-Ya`qubi, Shaykh Adnan al-Majd, Shaykh Mu`tazz al-Subayni, Dr. Samer al-Nass, Dr. Wahba al-Zuhayli, Shaykh `Abd al-Hadi Kharsa, and Shaykh Muhammad Muti` al-Hafiz. He also holds ijazas from Dr. Muhammad ibn `Alawi al-Maliki and Shaykh Husayn `Usayran, the last of the close students of the pious Qadi Shaykh Yusuf al-Nabhani — Allah reward them all and continue to benefit us through them.

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[Q1] Hijab readiness

[Q1] Hijab readiness

 I am 13 years old, my dad insists that I wear my hijab to school and commit to it but I don't feel ready yet. I feel when you start wearing it you never take it off to attend anywhere etc only around immediate family members and I am not quite ready for that commitment. What should I do?

[A1]

There may be a spiritual readiness you feel is missing from the picture of yourself wearing hijab at this point but you are physically ready enough by virtue of being a Muslima of age.

This is what your father's insistence reflects, not the hidden aspects of your personality. What matters right now is to continue to meet the basic requirements of the Shari`a that apply to your situation, age, sex etc. just like having to pray Salat even when one does not feel like it.

One has a lifetime, in sha' Allah, to work on strengthening readiness and commitment.

[Q2] Jihad al-Nafs: Striving for Self-Perfection

[Q2] Jihad al-Nafs: Striving for Self-Perfection

I was listening to some girl’s talk the other day, and they were saying that there was no evidence for jihad al nafs, that all the evidence for it was fabricated, or so weak as to be worthless, and so jihad can only mean fighting physically. I am very confused by this. If you could explain this to me and show me the evidences, I would really appreciate it.

[A2] Allah Most High said:

{And whosoever STRIVES (JAAHADA), STRIVES (YUJAAHIDU) only for himself} (29:6). {As for those who STRIVE (JAHADU) in Us (the cause of Allah), We surely guide them to Our paths, and lo! Allah is with the good doers.} (29:69) This is a Meccan Sura and the two verses refer to Jihad al-Nafs. There was no military jihad then.

Without jihad of the nafs, fighting leads to Hellfire.

Allah Most High said:

{WA NAFSIN WA MAA SAWAAHA, FA-ALHAMAHA FUJURAHA WA TAQWAHA. QAD AFLAHA MAN ZAKAAHA WA QAD KHAABA MAN DAS-SAAHA}

"By the nafs and the proportion and order given to it, and its inspiration as to its wrong and its right; Truly he succeeds who purifies it, and he fails that corrupts it" (91:7-10). This is also a Meccan Sura.

Without purification, the nafs remains a "soul that enjoins evil" (al-nafs al - ammara bil-su') until it surrenders itself in total obedience to the call of animal passions and shaytan.

Allah Most High said:

{Have you seen the one who chooses for his god his own lust?} (25:43). {He followed his own lust. Therefore his likeness is as the likeness of a dog; if you attack him he pants with his tongue out and if you leave him he pants with his tongue out} (7:176). These are both also Meccan Suras.

About the person who controlled the passion of his ego Allah says: {But as for him who feared to stand before his Lord and restrained his soul from lust, Lo! The garden will be his home} (79:40-41). This is also a Meccan Sura.

The above are among the many Meccan verses and Suras enjoining jihad al-nafs. One that denies that there was/is such a Divine command commits kufr. Such a command cannot mean military jihad, as there was no permission - much less an order - for such a jihad until the Madinan period.

Further, the Prophet said, upon him peace:

1. The mujahid is he who makes jihad against his nafs (ego) for the sake of obeying Allah.

- Ibn Hibban (#1624, 2519): Authentic;

- Shu’ayb al-Arna'ut (Commentary on Ibn Hibban): authentic;

- al-Hakim: sahih;

- `Iraqi confirms him;

- it is also in Tirmidhi, Ahmad, and Tabarani;

- Albani included it in the "Sahiha".

2. "`A'isha, Allah be well-pleased with her, asked: 'Messenger of Allah, we see jihad as the best of deeds, so shouldn't we join it?' He replied, 'But the best jihad is a perfect Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah).'" (Sahih Al-Bukhari #2784)

3. On another occasion, a man asked: "Should I join the jihad?" The Prophet asked, upon him peace, "Do you have parents?" The man said yes. The Prophet said: "Then do jihad by serving them!" (Sahih Al-Bukhari #5972)

4. Another man asked: "What kind of jihad is better?" The Prophet replied, upon him peace: "A word of truth spoken in front of an oppressive ruler." (Sunan Al-Nasa'i #4209)

5. The Prophet also said, upon him peace: The strong one is not the one who overcomes people, the strong one is he who overcomes his nafs [ego]. Al-Haythami declared it authentic in Majma` al-Zawa'id.

6. The Prophet, upon him peace, said to Abu Sa`id al-Khudri: "Even if one strikes unbelievers and idolaters with his sword until it breaks, and he is *completely* dyed with their blood, the Rememberers of Allah are above him one degree."

The above authentic hadiths provide additional explicit evidence - especially 1 and 5 - refuting the lie that "all the evidence for jihad al-nafs is fabricated or weak."

Further:

Allah Most High is Tayyibun and accepts only the Tayyib. He declares in the Qur'an that He accepts acts of worship only if they are based on:

- purification of the self (qad aflaha man zakkaha)

- soundness of the heart (illa man ata Allaha bi-qalbin salim)

- an humble spirit (wa-innaha lakabiratun illa `alal khashi`in)

Purification of the Intention is the general heading for these. That is why the Imams (e.g. Bukhari, Shafi`i, Nawawi) always began their books of fiqh with the Hadith of intention: "Actions count only according to intention."

An act outwardly considered worship but performed without pure intention is not considered worship, even fighting and dying in defence of Muslims. The Prophet, upon him peace, explicitly said of one such fighter that he was bound for the fire.

In fact, purification of intention is needed for all five pillars of Islam. Such purification is a fard `ayn and is required of all.

Thus those that claim there is no jihad al-nafs in Islam have imperiled their Islam and might make their shahada, salat, zakat, sawm, hajj, AND jihad worthless. Allah is our refuge from this.

[Q3] Convert with child, living with non-Muslim parents... difficult issues

[Q3] Convert with child, living with non-Muslim parents... difficult issues

Almost three years ago I converted to Islam after being divorced and having a child from a Muslim that the marriage was to put it nicely not good at all so now I live with my family who are extremely religious Christians and I have always been raised in the church went to a Christian school where my brother-n-law now teaches and my grandfather donated the money for the new Bible building to be built and now my parents are trying to enrol my daughter in this school and I really have no authority over what to say since they tell me i am living with them and they do not want her raised by these horrible Muslims who only really care about themselves, now my ex-husband does not support his daughter and the Masjid here which is not very good at all they tell me to just act as if I am Christian until I get married and move out but the problem is what should I do with my parents? this is a no win situation and I am not going to get on the internet and go find some Muslim man that I don't know what his intentions are with me to be able to get married and get out but then in the same sense I don't live in a community that has the resources to get married so what should I do?

[A3] Wa `alaykum as-Salam wa rahmatullah:

In response to you letter:

Your daughter needs her schooling and a safe home which you are able to provide through her grandparents. In the absence of a viable alternative at present, it is acceptable to enrol her even in a Christian school, temporarily.

Your daughter's religion is safe as long as her mother's religion is safe. You were rightly guided to Islam, you took the right decision to leave a bad marriage, you are seeking advice in the best manner, and your intentions are for the best. You are winning and on the right track even if you cannot see that right now.

Keep your Salat firmly even if you must put everything else on hold. Stay away from bad Muslims as you would want to stay away from bad non-Muslims. Your parents are doing the best they know and their help is true; but try also to stay in touch with a Muslim family that can provide advice or moral support and relieve the pressure.

Take this time to turn to Allah and strengthen yourself with His dhikr for your daughter's sake. A parent's prayer is answered. You do not have to go on the Internet husband-hunting. Allah sees your duress and will see you safely through this test with goodness soon inshallah, and reward for your patience.

[Q4] Mixed-sex conversation: Proofs?

[Q4] Mixed-sex conversation: Proofs?

The Reliance, r32.6, quotes from Nahlawi's "al-Durar al-Mubaha" the ruling in the Hanafi School about speaking without need to a member of the opposite sex. I was asked about the legal/textual basis for this ruling - do you know the evidence (beyond what the Reliance gives), or where exactly the evidence for this is recorded in depth? As far as you know, what is the range of ikhtilaf among the madhahib on this ruling?

[A4] Walaikum assalam,

The textual basis is the Prophetic Hadith on the zina of the limbs narrated from Ibn Mas`ud by Imam Ahmad in his Musnad with a strong chain: "The two eyes commit zina, the two hands commit zina, the two feet commit zina, and the genitals commit zina." Another wording with a passable chain in the Musnad includes the tongue and specifies in the end: "Then the genitals actualize it or belly it." There is no difference, as far as I know, in the offensiveness of unnecessary mixed conversation between young people among the Schools.

A bit of lecturing is in order to complete Nasiha inshallah.

Many, especially in the West, are immersed to their necks in the gravest harams that cause danger to their Religion, ignorant of much of the obligatory knowledge that pertain to the Pillars not to mention their daily transactions, revelling in unIslamic behaviour at every turn, from which they are in many cases blinded because of their delusion that Islam consists in their ethnic culture and/or their going to the mosque, or in flaying their arms for a couple of hours at some demonstration, or - worse - their own DIY construction of what goes and what not without realizing they have already adopted atheism (wal-`iyadhu billah) or a freethinking barely different; under fire in their beliefs, practices, lifestyles, education (elementary, middle, and higher), and in their very thoughts, most if not all cases categorically necessitating their leaving the abode of unbelief for the abode of belief. Focusing on rulings that pertain to manners or prefer ability avails nothing until the basics of categorical obligation and prohibition are first learnt and practiced. Even less does it matter to know proofs or fiqh differences. In the midst of a raging fire or a whirlpool about to drown, one should focus on saving his soul, not on snippets of useless learning.

[Q5] Desire for Good

[Q5] Desire for Good

All my life I was raised a Jehovah Witness (which I would never talk bad about the religion) I never had the opportunity to go seek out other religions. I have for quite a while wondered about the Muslim faith what they believe and what keep the women so strong? With so many religions, bibles, torah, Holy Quran, etc. its hard to know what is right. Recently I met a man [...] Muslim but he doesn't go pray on Friday or anything he just work really hard [...] he moved with me in April till present. I do love him very much. Sometimes he could be the sweetest guy at other times the meanest. His mother was here from his home town and he couldn't let me meet her because I am either black or because I am not Muslim. I don't know yet. I cook for him wash his clothes everything and then some. We actually talked about marriage but I don't know if he just wants to marry with me for citizen or because he actually loves me. Then he won’t take me to the Mosque. I really want to go for me. [...] I do have a son 18 mos. I just got out of a marriage where he wanted to have his single life back.

My son father is my ex-husband. Never had pre-marital sex. Why is my life going backwards? Is this guy the man that will lead my son and I rightly? Will he start acting like a Muslim and start praying? What is exactly the afterlife? When to pray how to pray? How do I teach my son if I can't read Arabic?

[A5] Dear Sister: Your life is going forward in the best way. Your desire for goodness and truth is evident. You mentioned many positive things. Mainly, the phrase that you want to go to the mosque for your own good. You are right in this and are looking in the right direction. It is not clear whether this is the right stepfather for your son.

What is clear is that you may go to the mosque and declare your intention to become a Muslim. You do not need anyone to go with you except your sincere intention.

God will do the rest. Great goodness awaits you, strength, light, and inspiration to make the right choices. Do not be discouraged by bad examples you have already seen and may continue to see.

Go to the mosque, learn to pray. Prayer is the meeting with the Lord and Creator of the worlds; He will do the rest and give you everything. He has already been with you this far. Make some room in your life to learn little by little, search for a reliable Muslim lady friend or a Muslim family to help you. Your son will follow you naturally. If there is no fear for you, there is no fear for him.

The afterlife is the continuation of this life, if good then good, if evil then evil; but much stronger, complete, and without end. I pray that Allah will help you and send you a guiding companion. Feel free to ask more questions that you may have in the future.

[Q6] Jinn, girlfriends, and faith

[Q6] Jinn, girlfriends, and faith

My brother has changed a lot for this past year. He now has a girlfriend who is not Muslim and he likes to be out of the house. He doesn't bother to tell his family where he is. When his mother and sisters tell him not to have a girlfriend then he threatens to commit suicide if he can't be with the girl. Aside from this he says that Jinn’s are bothering him and they may be in his closet? Please please tell me what I can do in relation to helping him strengthen his Iman and guiding him back to slavehood to Allah inshallah.

[A6] Rebellion is antithetical to slavehood and is a sure recipe for disaster. The lack of discipline that leads to it through a long time of spiritual neglect or heedlessness cannot be undone just like that. If he cannot be kept from a non-Muslim girlfriend then make her a Muslim by making her part of the family. It may be because he takes for granted the entire family's rejection of his choice of her that he chooses to stay away from his family. Let him be with her and with the family, in a halal way that undoes evil in sha Allah.

Perhaps, Allah Most High will relent toward him and you, and give you all reward in bringing a person to Islam. He must keep his five daily prayers.

[Q7] The path of illicit desires (shahwa

[Q7] The path of illicit desires (shahwa)
 

What is the exact punishment (this world and hereafter) for the following:

(1) Watching porn
(2) Going out with a girl but not having intercourse
(3) Looking at girls
(4) Talking to girls (Muslim and non-Muslim) without real reason.

Wa `alaykum as-Salam

May Allah keep you and us on the path of the blessed righteous, clear of the path of the impious that are oblivious to the nobility of the human person and the purpose of creation.

By giving free rein to one's lusts and doffing the garb of modesty and self-control to the point of becoming undistinguishable from non-Muslims and worshippers of their bellies and underbellies, one becomes one of them.

This extinguishes the light of the heart, the eyes, and the rest of the five senses, mars the beauty and radiance of the face, blocks the conditions and avenues of success with constant interference, shackles the spirit with the chains of pleasures and the world, slowly but surely erasing one's name from all the lists of those that are granted success here and hereafter.

So, from the record of the angelic pious men he will be transferred to the record of the earthbound swinish men; from the record of the mujahid against his ego he will be transferred to the record of the slave of his endless lusts.

Instead of flying to his Lord he will be crawling under the weight of his nafs and might reach a point of being neglectful of prayer and fasting, forgetful of the Qur'an and the Fatiha, mired in all varieties of impurity, kept away from the company of the Friends of Allah both in the visible and the invisible worlds, tongue-tied at the moment of death, cursed here and hereafter, after he had been thinking that he was not only fine, but on top of the world. Mawlana Jalal al-Din Rumi represented the Divine address to such tyrants with three words: "Sweet dreams, Pharaoh!"

[Q8] How do we know if scholars are ahle sunnah ahle jamaat? Is there a special verification system one must take into consideration? If so what is the verification system so we may use it when we are reading books written by scholars we haven’t heard of.

[Q8] How do we know if scholars are ahle sunnah ahle jamaat? Is there a special verification system one must take into consideration? If so what is the verification system so we may use it when we are reading books written by scholars we haven’t heard of.

[A] Wa `alaykum as-Salam

Sunnis hold the greatest love for the Prophet, upon him blessings and peace, his Family, and all his Companions. Further, they hold in the highest respect the imams and righteous followers of the schools of Ahl al-Sunna on three broad lines:

1. The schools of doctrine i.e. Ash`aris and Maturidis.

2. The schools of jurisprudence i.e. Hanafis, Malikis, Shafi`is, Hanbalis.

3. The schools of tasawwuf i.e. the known Tariqas.

When you detect the slightest whiff of disrespect for any of the above, you have been given the first sign that you are in the presence of a disconnected, unbeneficial person. The early sufis recognized such persons even from a distance, from their appearance. Hence the saying of one of the sufis in the hadith Master al-Malini's _Forty hadiths from the Sufi Shuyukh_: "One whose appearance does not benefit you, his words will not benefit you either" i.e. since his appearance does not remind you of Allah Most High, do not expect his words to.

[Q9] I have read a hadith related to Hazrat Aisha Siddiqa (Razi Allahu Anha) that she said

[Q9] I have read a hadith related to Hazrat Aisha Siddiqa (Razi Allahu Anha) that she said "o people! call The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) Khatam Al Nabiyin [the seal of the prophets], but do not say that no Prophet will come after him" (Tafsir Dur-e-Manshoor)

[A] Wa `alaykum as-Salam,

This is narrated by Ibn Abi Shayba in his Musannaf with a broken chain between `A'isha and the narrator that reports it from her, with up to three missing links.

The report that says: "No Prophet will come after me" is mass-transmitted (mutawatir).

Ibn Abi Shayba also narrates with a somewhat weak chain that al-Mughira ibn Shu`ba said: "It is enough to say 'Khatam al-Anbiya' for it was narrated to us that `Isa, upon him peace, would come out, so if he comes out, he would be both before and after him."

So these reports are meant as a reminder that the descent of `Isa, upon him peace, at the end of time is established, not that there will be any another Prophet after the Prophet, upon him peace, since `Isa will be a follower of the Shari`a and not of his own dispensation nor of the Mosaic Law which he followed in his own time. And Allah knows best.

[Q10] How or on what basis did the angels know that humans would shed blood and cause corruption on earth before humans were even created?

[Q10]  How or on what basis did the angels know that humans would shed blood and cause corruption on earth before humans were even created?

[A10]  Because Allah informed them of this, as al-Tabari narrated from a number of the early Muslims - even if He did not inform them of everything, as is clear from the next verse, namely that human beings, despite the faults of their race, are nevertheless higher than the angels since the latter were ordered to prostrate to Adam after his creation, upon our Prophet and upon Adam and the angels blessings and peace.

And Allah knows best.

[Q11] Christian-Muslim Marriage

[Q11] Christian-Muslim Marriage   

Respected Sir, I am a practicing Christian and I want to make it clear to you before I start off that I am not at all confused in my concept of God. The thing is I love a girl who is a Muslim. I have a basic knowledge of Islam I have never asked or expected a relation with her before marriage. I respect a person’s religion whatever it may be. I want to marry her. I want to know if there is any religious limitation to the fulfilment of my wish. I do not want her to convert. And I will never ask her to do that. Because for her to leave Islam would be a great tragedy as I consider it too to be a good religion and that both Moslems and Christians are almost the same except for a few minor differences on the matter of faith. Please give me a reply.

[A] Dear Sir,

Islam forbids marriage of a Muslim woman with a non-Muslim man and considers it invalid. It used to be the same in the Christian denominations regarding betrothal of Christian persons to non-Christians; Islam, however, is a religion that does not change.

At the same time Islam is eminently suitable to new developments for all time to come within the bounds of reason, truth, and right in the eyes of God and Man.

Accordingly, Islam does allow a Jewish or Christian woman to marry a Muslim man with the provision that the children are raised Muslim, which is facilitated by two factors in the eyes of the Law: (1) The head of the household is Muslim and (2) Her Abrahamic background qualifies her to grow into the fullness and maturity of the final Divine dispensation. There is no such allowance for a non-Muslim man who would purport to marry a Muslim woman even if he promised to raise their children in the Muslim faith; the Law cannot rely on such a promise on the part of the head of the household short of his accepting Islam.

As for the disparities of cult between the faiths it is neither the view of Christians nor those of Muslims that they are few and minor. However, it is a sign of Divine inspiration when the Creator wishes success for someone, that the impediments towards his becoming Muslim seem small and insignificant. Therefore this former practicing Christian (for thirty years) invites you to consider accepting the message of Muhammad, upon him peace, which is the same message brought by Jesus, Moses, and Abraham, upon them peace, concerning God and His Attributes of oneness, mercy, knowledge, omnipotence. We do not make any differences between any of them nor reject any of them. Rather, we deem them the proof of the Divine covenant with human beings that He should be worshipped as He ought to be worshipped. They are the fulfillment of His promise that whoever follows guidance there shall be no fear for them nor shall they grieve. You will receive your reward twice. Peace upon those who follow guidance!

[Q12] Trusting in Allah and Taking the Means

[Q12] Trusting in Allah and Taking the Means

How does on join between putting one’s trust in Allah and taking the means? Can’t the former lead to lazy ‘reliance…’

[A12] We should not confuse Tawakkul - reliance on Allah - with the acts we do in a period of deliberation, reflection, consultation, and special prayer before an important decision. Those acts and that period may come to an end, however, Tawakkul never ends. No matter what the decision, or when, we continue relying on Allah even for matters that seem granted and far less momentous. "Tie it [the camel] and rely [on Allah]" meaning go ahead and act - after due consideration - but always rely on Allah: before, during, and after.

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